The Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) is designed to test the muscular strength, endurance, and cardiovascular respiratory fitness of soldiers in the United States Army. Soldiers are scored based on their performance in three events consisting of the push-up, sit-up, and a two-mile run, ranging from 0 to 100 points in each event. A minimum score of 60 in each event is required to pass the test. The soldier’s overall score is the sum of the points from the three events. If a soldier passes all three events, the total may range from 180 to 300.
Active component and reserve component soldiers on active duty are required to take a “record” (meaning for official records) APFT at least twice each calendar year. Reservists not on active duty must take a “record” test once per calendar year. FM 7-22 covers the administration of the APFT, as well as ways to conduct individual, squad and unit level physical training sessions
If, due to a diagnosed medical condition, a soldier is temporarily unable to conduct one or more of the events in the record APFT, the soldier can be granted an extension to allow him or her to overcome his or her injury and return to an acceptable level of physical fitness. If a soldier has a permanent medical condition that keeps him or her from conducting the two mile run, an alternative aerobic event consisting of either a 2.5-mile walk, an 800-yard swim, or 6.2-mile cycle ride is taken. There are no alternate events for the push-up or sit-up.