A critical link in mapping recurrent mutations of melanoma (serious form of skin cancer) has been identified by researchers at Washington State University School of Molecular Biosciences, in collaboration with researchers at Georgia State University.
In a paper published in Nature Communications, researchers established that DNA binding by a specific set of transcription factors, called ETS, is inherently mutagenic in UV-exposed cells. With new genome mapping technology, these findings provide a crucial understanding of mutations that result at ETS binding sites located in specific genes that are known to be drivers in the onset of melanoma in humans.
‘By correlating the UV induced DNA damage map with melanoma (a dangerous skin cancer) mutations, scientists discovered significantly elevated UV damage levels at ETS binding sites. The finding can help with DNA repair which is the first step in preventing DNA damage to prevent mutation and skin cancer.’
WSU researchers have developed a next-generation sequencing-based technology that allows them to precisely map the locations of UV-induced DNA damage throughout the whole human genome. Using this advanced technology, they generated a high-resolution UV damage map in human cells.
By correlating the UV damage map with melanoma mutations, they discovered significantly elevated UV damage levels at ETS binding sites, which massively increased mutation rates at the same sites in sequenced melanoma genomes.
“UV-induced DNA damage is the major risk factor for melanoma, and DNA repair is a vital first line of defense against DNA damage to prevent mutations and cancer,” stated Steven Roberts, assistant professor, WSU School of Molecular Biosciences, in WSU’s College of Veterinary Medicine. “These pivotal results establish a fundamental research tool in cancer research and confirms we are on the correct course to further discovery by mapping UV damage in human cells.”